Computational Social Science (CSS)
Computational Social Science (CSS) is usually defined as the development and application of computational methods to complex, typically large-scale, human (sometimes simulated) behavioral data. link
The field of CSS has exploded in prominence over the past decade as recent years have witnessed an explosion of data from social media sites, such as Facebook and Twitter, the digitization of massive governmental administrative records, and novel opportunities for online field experiments, among other. This influx of new data sources occurs alongside the emergence of innovative forms of data analysis—often inspired by ideas from machine learning.
Yet computational social science is more than just large repositories of digital data and the computational methods needed to construct and analyze them. It also represents a convergence of different fields with different ways of thinking about and doing science. link
Together, these opportunities hold enormous potential to help understand and address some of the world’s most pressing problems. link 1 link 2
They also raise important new questions about privacy and ethics. link 1 link 2